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Spinal Disc Pathology

The spinal vertebrae are separated by fluid filled pads known as the Nucleus Pulposus. These are surrounded by a tough, fibrous outer membrane called the Annulus Fibrosus and are held in place by the spinal ligaments and surrounding muscle. The pads act as shock...

Osteoarthritis

What is it? A degenerative joint disease, mainly affecting weight bearing joints. Characterised by a slowly progressing stiffness. Pathology Softening of articular cartilage Thinning of cartilage Formation of cavities which expose underlying bone Fragments of bone...